FAST is Poised to Take Off in Europe

Blog 4 min read | Sep 11, 2023 | Francesco Montesanto


Over the past several years, there’s been a seismic shift in how audiences consume video content. Although the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the migration from linear TV to connected TV, the overall trajectory was hardly impacted as more and more people started cutting cords well before 2020.

However, despite mass adoption and continuous growth, OTT streaming services and content providers still have a few obstacles to deal with:

  1. Many users overcommitting to streaming services during the pandemic and now reducing their subscriptions in what is known as “subscription fatigue”
  2. A global recession that is limiting how much audiences are willing to spend for premium content, especially since the price of cord cutting is rapidly approaching that of cable subscriptions
  3. Even though linear TV usage is waning, users still prefer the linear TV experience with a connected TV twist
  4. With so much competition for content, users want a more curated experience

Enter FAST.

What is FAST?

FAST stands for free ad-supported television. FAST channels adopt the same content delivery model as linear TV, where broadcasts occur in real time and viewers are shown ads throughout programming. However, FAST channels rely on being streamed exclusively through connected devices like smart TVs and don’t require any kind of subscription, generating revenue through advertising.

Growing demand for FAST isn’t just rooted in the cost either. FAST channels tend to be hyper-specific to audiences, with channels dedicated to genres or even specific programs. This allows users to focus on only the content they wanted without the bloated options of industry monoliths like Netflix and Hulu.

That said, content providers are penetrating the space as well, seeing the value of providing FAST channels.

The potential for growth is massive, with projections estimating that FAST channel revenue will hit $13b by 2028.

FAST in Europe

The U.S has already entrenched itself with FAST channels, with Europe considerably lagging behind.

That seems to be changing.

There are many indications that the market for FAST is poised to take off in Europe very soon:

  1. Fueled in part by a global recession, the demand for free content is growing. Ad impressions for FAST channels in Europe nearly doubled in Q3 2022. This is inline with connected TV adoption, which saw over 70% of U.K. households now owning a smart TV, up from 11% just 9 years earlier. Some estimates have it as high as 85%.
  2. As more prominent content brands enter the FAST space, total viewing hours for the top 7 European countries has seen triple digit percentage increases across the board.
  3. Pluto TV, a forerunner in the FAST channel space, is investing heavily into boosting market penetration in Europe, signaling a broader long-term expansion strategy.
  4. BBC debuted FAST channels in France, Italy, Germany, and Spain in October 2001. These channels are a harbinger of what the landscape could look like for other content providers, as BBC has dedicated FAST channels to both genres (BBC Travel, BBC History), and specific titles (Doctor Who).
  5. Samsung Germany is currently building their own proprietary FAST channels, while Spain public-service broadcaster RTVE is partnering with Samsung TV Plus Spain to increase distribution of its five existing linear broadcast channels.

FAST challenges in Europe

Everywhere you look in Europe, the writing is on the wall that FAST channels provide a wide-open path to increased revenue for broadcasters, streaming providers, studios, and production companies.

However, there are a few reasons why Europe is still lagging behind the U.S. in terms of FAST channel adoption:

Even though FAST is growing at unprecedented rates in the U.S. and enthusiasm is present in Europe, the cost of linear TV in Europe is much lower than in the U.S. There’s less of a sense of urgency for cable customers to make the switch from linear TV to a fully cordless system of consumption.

Another challenge is with less barriers to entry, both from a production and consumer standpoint, the oncoming deluge of content will be overwhelming. It’s going to be crucial for any content providers to understand their audiences and perhaps offer hyper-specialized programming. For instance, ITV launched a FAST channel solely dedicated to the TV series Hell’s Kitchen.

Finally, there’s monetization. Reduced audience sizes mean less ad revenue and more hurdles.  However, brands might find it cost effective to advertise to highly targeted audiences for certain FAST channels.

So, what’s the prediction?

Traditionally, Europe has lagged behind the U.S. in terms of streaming adoption and market trends, and the FAST channel market in the U.S. is unequivocally trending upwards. Will Europe follow suit?

All indications seem like it will.